Changes in American immigration law in 1965 led to an enormous increase in the number of immigrants arriving in the United States and to a shift in the countries of origin of American immigrants from Europe to Central and South America and Asia. The children of this new wave of immigrants have been labeled “the new second generation.” At the same time that these children have grown to adolescence and young adulthood, violent youth gangs have become a prominent aspect of American life. While the children of immigrants are not the only participants in gang activity, many gangs have appeared in neighborhoods where immigrants have settled, and these gangs are often based on the ethnic identities of post-1965 immigrant groups. This essay discusses general theoretical trends in the literature relating to youth gangs in the post-1965 immigrant ethnic groups. It suggests that these trends may be classified as opportunity structure approaches, cultural approaches, and social disorganization approaches. The essay points out some of the major questions this literature raises or fails to address, and it suggests directions for the conceptualization of new ethnic gangs and for empirical research in this area.
Gang Violence Essay
996 Words4 Pages
Gangs are becoming a growing problem in American society. More young people are turning to gangs to solve problems in their lives. When youths join gangs they drop social activities with family, friends and school. Members fall behind their classmates in school and do not try. A study shows that less than
1% of gang bangers is literate1. Gangs destroy teenager lives and destroy their chances for a good education and happy life. Gangs are now a haven for rats.
Teenagers are joining gangs every day. They join gangs for many reasons.
A former gang member known as G-Ball was very young when he joined a his gang.
He and a friend would play a game. They would pose as gang members to be cool.
Then police…show more content…
A school in Baytown, Texas has banned its students from wearing the following "gang clothing"
-Solid red or black shirt with pants or skirt -Solid red or white shirt over a black shirt -Red and black flannel shirt or jacket -Blue and black flannel shirt or jacket -Clothing with Chicago Bulls, White Sox, Los Angles Raiders, Kings,
University of Nevada-Las Vegas, or University of Miami Logos
Everyone believes these types of clothes are worn by gang members. "But what if they start wearing 3-piece suits or Mickey Mouse T-shirts? When will it end."
Richard Sallivan, 40.3
Many gangs use hand signs (like sign language). Signs are flashed to gang members or to rival gangs. These signs say we are number one, or Power.
They also have signs to show victory and a primo sign after a fight or gang war.
Signs can represent gang names. Some examples are Mafia Crips, Athens Park Boys, or the Underground crip. Signs are shown below.
While gangs grow and get more powerful, what is being done? City police departments play a big role in stopping violence and drugs. The most popular program for school aged children is the D.A.R.E. (Drug Abuse Resistance
Education). D.A.R.E. teaches kids that violence and drugs are not a good way of life. This program takes place in grades' 4-8. In the Phoenix Police
Department they support the G.R.E.A.T. Program. It teaches children avoidance of drugs and gangs. It