- Poem Title (in quotes)
- Book Title (italicized)
- City of Publication
- Publication Year
- Page Number(s)
Anthology or Collection (5.5.6)
Cite the poet first. If you cite more than one poem from the same collection, create a citation for each poem.
Use the anthology format, but omit the editor.
Poem as a Book (p. 21)
Some long poems are published as a single book. Cite these like a regular book.
E-book (p. 48)
After the publication year, include the database in italics and then the permanent link to the book.
Poem Online (p. 48)
Put quotes around the title of the poem and italicize the Web site.
MLA Format Examples
Parenthetical citation examples:
If the author’s name already appears in the sentence itself then it does not need to appear in the parentheses. Only the page number appears in the citation - this is called ‘author prominent’ because it draws attention to the author.
Sontag has theorized that collecting photographs is a way “to collect the world” (3).
Include the author’s last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken in a parenthetical citation after the quote. This way of citing foregrounds the information being cited and is known as an ‘information prominent’.
“To collect photographs is to collect the world” (Sontag 3).
When the author is referred to more than once in the same paragraph, you may use a single MLA in-text citation at the end of the paragraph (as long as the work cannot be confused with others cited).
If you are citing two works by the same author, you should put a comma after the author’s surname and add a shortened title to distinguish between them. If there are two authors with the same surname, be sure to include their first initial in your citation to avoid confusion.
Works cited / bibliography example:
Unlike an MLA in-text citation, you must include all of the publication information in your works cited entries.
Franke, Damon. Modernist Heresies: British Literary History, 1883-1924. Ohio State UP, 2008.
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