Linda Reid Mla Bibliography

Anderson, Daniel. “Watch the Bubble.” Kairos: A Journal of Rhetoric, Technology, and Pedagogy 16.2 (2012): n. pag. Web. Mar. 26, 2015.

Ball, Cheryl and Ryan Moeller. “Converging the ASS[umptions] between U and ME; or How New Media Can Bridge a Scholarly/Creative Split in English Studies.” Computers and Composition Online. 2008. Web.

Barnard, Ian. “The Ruse of Clarity.” College Composition and Communication 61.3 (2010): 434–51. Print.

Barnes, Jonathan. The Presocratic Philosophers. New York: Routledge, 1979. Print.

Bataille, Georges. Erotism: Death and Sensuality. San Francisco: City Lights Books, 1986. Print.

Beaty, Bart. Comics versus Art. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 2012. Print.

Bechdel, Alison. Are You My Mother? A Comic Drama. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2012. Print.

Bechdel, Alison. Fun Home: A Family Tragicomic. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2006. Print.

Bennington, Geoffrey. Lyotard: Writing the Event. New York: Columbia UP, 1988. Print.

Bergdoll, Alfred. “Art Spiegelman.” Art Spiegelman: Conversations. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 2007. 3–19. Print.

bianco, jamie skye. “Man and His Tool, Again? Queer and Feminist Notes on Practices in the Digital Humanities and Object Orientations Everywhere.” Web.

bianco, jamie skye. “This Digital Humanities Which Is Not One.” Debates in the Digital Humanities. Ed. Matthew K. Gold. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 2012. Print.

Bird, Jon, and Paul Marshall. “Empirically Investigating the Distinction between Phenomenally Present and Phenomenally Transparent Tools.” Workshop on Embodied Interaction: Theory and Practice in HCI. Ed. Paul Marshall et al. May 8, 2011, Vancouver. Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. Web.

Bitzer, Lloyd F. “The Rhetorical Situation.” Philosophy & Rhetoric 1.1 (1968): 1–14. Print.

Bolter, J. David, and Diane Gromala. Windows and Mirrors: Interaction Design, Digital Art, and the Myth of Transparency. Cambridge: MIT P, 2003. Print.

Boyle, Casey. “The Rhetorical Question Concerning Glitch.” Computers and Composition 35 (2015): 12–29. Print.

Burke, Kenneth. A Rhetoric of Motives. Berkeley: U of California P, 1969. Print.

Carrier, David. The Aesthetics of Comics. University Park: Pennsylvania State U P, 2000. Print.

Cassin, Barbara. “Philosophical Displacements: Interview with Barbara Cassin.” Women’s Philosophy Review 24 (2000): 34–56. Print.

Cassin, Barbara. Sophistical Practice: Toward a Consistent Relativism. New York: Fordham UP, 2014. Print.

Cassirer, Ernst. The Philosophy of Symbolic Forms. 4 vols. New Haven: Yale UP, 1953. Print.

Cixous, Hélène. “The Laugh of the Medusa.” Signs 1.4 (1976): 875–93. Print.

Colebrook, Claire. “Feminism and Autonomy: The Crisis of the Self-Authoring Subject.” Body & Society 3.2 (1997): 21–41. Print.

Colebrook, Claire. Introduction. Deleuze and Feminism. Spec. issue of Theory@Buffalo: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Graduate Student Writing 8 (2003): 3–9. Print.

Colebrook, Claire. Understanding Deleuze. Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin, 2002. Print.

Crable, Bryan. “Distance as Ultimate Motive: A Dialectical Interpretation of A Rhetoric of Motives.” Rhetoric Society Quarterly 39.3 (2009): 213–39. Print.

Damasio, Antonio R. The Feeling of What Happens: Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1999. Print.

Danielewski, Mark Z. Only Revolutions. New York: Pantheon Books, 2006. Print.

Danielewski, Mark Z., and Zampanò. Mark Z. Danielewski’s “House of Leaves.” New York: Pantheon Books, 2000. Print.

Danto, Arthur C. Mark Tansey: Visions and Revisions. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1992. Print.

Davis, Diane D. “Autozoography: Notes toward a Rhetoricity of the Living.” Philosophy and Rhetoric 47.4 (2014): 533–53. Print.

Davis, Diane D. Inessential Solidarity: Rhetoric and Foreigner Relations. Pittsburgh: U of Pittsburgh P, 2010. Print.

Davis, Diane D. “Re: Burke and Freud and Kraemer.” Message to the author. Dec. 17, 2014. E-mail.

Delagrange, Susan. Technologies of Wonder: Rhetorical Practice in a Digital World. Logan: Susan H. Delagrange and Utah State UP/Computers and Composition Digital P, 2011. Web.

Delagrange, Susan. “When Revision Is Redesign: Key Questions for Digital Scholarship.” Kairos: A Journal of Rhetoric, Technology, and Pedagogy14.1 (2009): n. pag. Web. Jan. 16, 2013.

Deleuze, Gilles. “The Actual and the Virtual.” Dialogues. Trans. Eliot Ross Albert. Ed. Gilles Deleuze and Claire Parnet. 2nd ed. London: Continuum, 2002. 148–52. Print.

Deleuze, Gilles. Difference and Repetition. New York: Columbia UP, 1994. Print.

Deleuze, Gilles. “Postscript on the Societies of Control.” October 59 (1992): 3–7. Print.

Deleuze, Gilles, and Félix Guattari. Anti-Oedipus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1983. Print.

Deleuze, Gilles, and Félix Guattari. Kafka: Toward a Minor Literature. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1986. Print.

Deleuze, Gilles, and Félix Guattari. A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1987. Print.

Deleuze, Gilles, and Félix Guattari. What Is Philosophy? New York: Columbia UP, 1994. Print.

Deleuze, Gilles, and Claire Parnet. Dialogues II. New York: Columbia UP, 2002. Print.

Derrida, Jacques. Dissemination. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1981. Print.

Derrida, Jacques. Glas. Lincoln: U of Nebraska P, 1986. Print.

Derrida, Jacques. Margins of Philosophy. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1982. Print.

Derrida, Jacques. Memoirs of the Blind: The Self-Portrait and Other Ruins. Trans. Pascale-Anne Brault and Michael Naas. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1993. Print.

Derrida, Jacques. Of Grammatology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1998. Print.

Derrida, Jacques. Spurs: Nietzsche's Styles. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1981. Print.

Derrida, Jacques. Writing and Difference. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1978. Print.

Derrida, Jacques, and Maurizio Ferraris.A Taste for the Secret. Trans. Giacomo Donis. Ed. David Webb and Giacomo Donis. Cambridge: Polity P, 2001. Print.

Discenna, Thomas A. “Rhetoric’s Ghost at Davos: Reading Cassirer in the Rhetorical Tradition.” Rhetorica: A Journal of the History of Rhetoric 32.3 (2014): 245–66. Print.

Dosse, François. Gilles Deleuze & Félix Guattari: Intersecting Lives. Trans. Deborah Glassman. New York: Columbia UP, 2010. Print.

Dotov, Dobromir, Lin Nie, and Anthony Chemero. “A Demonstration of the Transition from Ready-to-Hand to Unready-to-Hand.” PLoS ONE 5.3 (2010): n. pag. Web. Mar. 11, 2010.

Dreyfus, Hubert L. What Computers Still Can’t Do: A Critique of Artificial Reason. Cambridge: MIT P, 1992. Print.

Drucker, Johanna. Graphesis: Visual Forms of Knowledge Production. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2014. Print.

Eberly, Rosa A. “Rhetoric and the Anti-logos Doughball: Teaching Deliberating Bodies the Practices of Participatory Democracy.” Rhetoric & Public Affairs 5.2 (2002): 287–300. Print.

Edbauer [Rice], Jenny. “Unframing Models of Public Distribution: From Rhetorical Situation to Rhetorical Ecologies.”Rhetoric Society Quarterly 35.4 (2005): 5–24. Print.

Eisner, Will. Comics and Sequential Art: Principles and Practices from the Legendary Cartoonist. New York: W.W. Norton, 2008. Print.

Faigley, Lester. Fragments of Rationality: Postmodernity and the Subject of Composition. Pittsburgh: U of Pittsburgh P, 1992. Print.

Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. New York: Pantheon Books, 1977. Print.

Foucault, Michel. This Is Not a Pipe. Berkeley: U of California P, 1983. Print.

Galloway, Alexander R., and Eugene Thacker. The Exploit: A Theory of Networks. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 2007. Print.

Galloway, Alexander R., Eugene Thacker, and McKenzie Wark. Excommunication: Three Inquiries in Media and Mediation. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2014. Print.

Gasché, Rodolphe. “Deconstruction as Criticism.” Glyph 6 (1979): 177–215. Print.

Gasché, Rodolphe. The Tain of the Mirror: Derrida and the Philosophy of Reflection. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1986. Print.

Glenn, Cheryl. Unspoken: A Rhetoric of Silence. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 2004. Print.

Groensteen, Thierry. “Bandes désignées: De la réflexivité dans les bandes dessinées.” Contrebandes. Spec. issue of Consequences 13/14 (1990): 132–65. Print.

Groensteen, Thierry. The System of Comics. Trans. Bart Beaty and Nick Nguyen. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 2007. Print.

Gunter, Kimberly K. “Braiding and Rhetorical Power Players: Transforming Academic Writing through Rhetorical Dialectic.”Journal of Basic Writing 30.1 (2011): 64–98. Print.

Harvey, Robert C. The Art of the Funnies: An Aesthetic History. Jackson: UP of Mississippi, 1994. Print.

Hasley, Charles. An Etymology of Latin and Greek. New Rochelle, NY: Caratzas, 1983. Print.

Hawhee, Debra. Moving Bodies: Kenneth Burke at the Edges of Language. Columbia: U of South Carolina P, 2009. Print.

Hayles, N. Katherine. How We Think: Digital Media and Contemporary Technogenesis. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2012. Print.

Hayles, N. Katherine. Writing Machines. Cambridge: MIT P, 2002. Print.

Hayman, Greg, and Henry Pratt. “What are Comics?” Aesthetics: A Reader in Philosophy of the Arts. Eds. David Goldblatt and Lee B. Brown. 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson, 2005. 419-424. Print.

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich. Aesthetics: Lectures on Fine Art. Oxford: Clarendon P, 1975. Print.

Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, and William Wallace. Hegel’s Philosophy of Mind. ATLA fiche 1989–0525. Oxford: Clarendon P, 1894. Print.

Heidegger, Martin. Basic Writings: From “Being and Time” (1927) to “The Task of Thinking” (1964). New York: Harper & Row, 1977. Print.

Heidegger, Martin. Being and Time. New York: Harper, 1962. Print.

Heidegger, Martin. Early Greek Thinking. New York: Harper & Row, 1975. Print.

Heidegger, Martin. Poetry, Language, Thought. New York: Harper & Row, 1971. Print.

Hekman, Susan. The Feminine Subject. Cambridge: Polity P, 2014. Print.

Helms, Jason. Rev of Discourse, Figure, by Jean-François Lyotard Philosophy and Rhetoric 46.1 (2013): 122–30. Print.

Helms, Jason. “RHIZ/Comics: The Structure, Sign, and Play of Image and Text.” Diss. Clemson U, 2010. Print.

Helms, Jason. “Vorhandenheit.” Kairos: A Journal of Rhetoric, Technology, and Pedagogy 17.2 (2013): n. pag. Web. Jan. 16, 2013.

Heraclitus and Charles H. Kahn. The Art and Thought of Heraclitus: An Edition of the Fragments with Translation and Commentary. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1979. Print.

Hickman, Jonathan. The Nightly News. Berkeley, CA: Image Comics, 2007. Print.

Hilst, Joshua C. “Gutter Talk: (An)Other Idiom of Rhetoric.” JAC 31.1–2 (2011): 153–76. Print.

Howes, Franny. “Imagining a Multiplicity of Visual Rhetorical Traditions: Comics Lessons from Rhetoric Histories.” ImageTexT: Interdisciplinary Comics Studies 5.3 (2010): n. pag. Web. Apr. 8, 2015.

Jay, Martin. “That Visual Turn.” Journal of Visual Culture 1.1 (2002): 87–92. Print.

Kashtan, Aaron. “‘And It Had Everything in It’: Building Stories, Comics, and the Book of the Future.” Studies in the Novel 47.3 (2015): 420. Print.

Kennedy, George. “A Hoot in the Dark: The Evolution of General Rhetoric.” Philosophy & Rhetoric 25.1 (1992): 1–21. Print.

Kraemer, Don J. “Between Motion and Action: The Dialectical Role of Affective Identification in Kenneth Burke.” Advances in the History of Rhetoric 16 (2013): 141–64. Print.

Labio, Catherine. “The Architecture of Comics.” Critical Inquiry 41.2 (2015): 312–43. Print.

Lacan, Jacques. On Feminine Sexuality: The Limits of Love and Knowledge. Trans. Bruce Fink. Ed. Jacques-Alain Miller. New York: Norton, 1998. Print.

Langer, Suzanne. Philosophy in a New Key: A Study in the Symbolism of Reason, Rite, and Art. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1942. Print.

Lanham, Richard A. The Economics of Attention: Style and Substance in the Age of Information. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2006. Print.

Larson, Gary. The Complete Far Side. Kansas City: Andrews McMeel , 2003. Print.

Lewis, Charlton and Charles Short. A Latin Dictionary. Oxford: Clarendon P. 1879. Print.

Liddell, Henry George, and Robert Scott.An Intermediate Greek-English Lexicon Founded upon the Seventh Edition of Liddell and Scott’s Greek-English Lexicon. London: British Library, 1889. Print.

Lorde, Audre. “Age, Race, Class, and Sex: Women Redefining Difference.” A Feminist Reader: Feminist Thought from Sappho to Satrapi. Ed. Sharon M. Harris and Linda K. Hughes. 4 vols. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2013. 556–66. Print.

Lyotard, Jean-François. Dérive á partir de Marx et Freud. Paris: Union Générale d’Éditions, 1973. Print.

Lyotard, Jean-François. The Differend: Phrases in Dispute. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1988. Print.

Lyotard, Jean-François. Discours, figure. Paris: Klicksieck, 1971. Print.

Lyotard, Jean-François. Discourse, Figure. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 2011. Print.

Lyotard, Jean-François. “It’s as If a Line . . .” Contemporary Literature 29.3 (1988): 457–82. Print.

Manovich, Lev. The Language of New Media. Cambridge: MIT P, 2001. Print.

May, Todd. Gilles Deleuze: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2005. Print.

McCloud, Scott. Understanding Comics: The Invisible Art. New York: HarperPerennial, 1994. Print.

McLuhan, Marshall. Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man. Ed. W. Terrence Gordon. Critical ed. Corte Madera, CA: Gingko P, 2003. Print.

Meskin, Aaron. “Defining Comics?” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 65.4 (2007): 369–79. Print.

Miller, Frank. Batman: The Dark Knight Returns. New York: DC Comics, 2002. Print.

Mitchell, W. J. T. Iconology: Image, Text, Ideology. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1986. Print.

Mitchell, W. J. T. Picture Theory: Essays on Verbal and Visual Representation. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1994. Print.

Murray, Joddy. Non-discursive Rhetoric: Image and Affect in Multimodal Composition. Albany: State U of New York P, 2009. Print.

Nabokov, Vladimir. Pale Fire: A Novel. New York: Putnam, 1962. Print.

Nietzsche, Friedrich. Thus Spoke Zarathustra: A Book for All and None. Trans. Walter Kaufmann. New York: Viking Penguin, 1954. Print.

Pannapacker, William. “Pannapacker at MLA: Digital Humanities Triumphant?” Chronicle of Higher Education Jan. 8, 2011.Web. Jan. 16, 2013.

Pirsig, Robert M. Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance: An Inquiry into Values. New York: Harper Collins, 2005. Print.

Plato. Gorgias. Trans. W. R. M. Lamb. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1925. Print.

Quintilian. The Institutio Oratoria of Quintilian. Ed. and Trans. Harold Edgeworth Butler. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1921. Print.

Rajchman, John. The Deleuze Connections. Cambridge: MIT P, 2000. Print.

Rancière, Jacques. The Future of the Image. New York: Verso, 2007. Print.

Reid, Alexander. The Two Virtuals: New Media and Composition. West Lafayette, IN: Parlor P, 2007. Print.

Rice, Jeff. The Rhetoric of Cool: Composition Studies and New Media. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 2007. Print.

Rickert, Thomas J. Ambient Rhetoric: The Attunements of Rhetorical Being. Pittsburgh: U of Pittsburgh P, 2013. Print.

Rodowick, D. N. The Difficulty of Difference: Psychoanalysis, Sexual Difference, and Film Theory. New York: Routledge, 1991. Print.

Ronell, Avital. Stupidity. Urbana: U of Illinois P, 2002. Print.

Salusinszky, Imre, and J. Hillis Miller. “J. Hillis Miller [interview].” Criticism in Society: Interviews with Jacques Derrida, Northrop Frye, Harold Bloom, Geoffrey Hartman, Frank Kermode, Edward Said, Barbara Johnson, Frank Lentricchia, and J. Hillis Miller. New York: Methuen, 1987. 208–40. Print.

Selber, Stuart A. “Technical Writing in a Technological Age.” Selber’s personal website.Web.

Shedroff, Nathan. Experience Design 1. Indianapolis: New Riders, 2001. Print.

Shipka, Jody. “Re: Toward a Composition Made Whole: A Note on Form.” Message to the author. September 27, 2013. E-mail.

Shipka, Jody. Toward a Composition Made Whole. Pittsburgh: U of Pittsburgh P, 2011. Print.

Smith, Rochelle. “Paragraphing for Coherence: Writing as Implied Dialogue.” College English 46.1 (1984): 8–21. Print.

Sousanis, Nick. Unflattening. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2015. Print.

Steranko, Jim. The Steranko History of Comics. 2 vols. Reading, PA: Supergraphics, 1972. Print.

Stiegler, Bernard. “The Discrete Image.”Echographies of Television: Filmed Interviews. Trans. Jennifer Bajorek. Ed. Jacques Derrida and Bernard Stiegler. Malden, MA: Polity P, 2002. 145–63. Print.

Stiegler, Bernard. “Doing and Saying Stupid Things in the Twentieth Century: Betise and Animality in Deleuze and Derrida.” Angelaki 18.1 (2013): 159–74. Print.

Stiegler, Bernard. Technics and Time 1: The Fault of Epimetheus. Trans. Richard Beardsworth and George Collins. Stanford, CA: Meridian, 1998. Print.

Sullivan, Patricia Suzanne. Experimental Writing in Composition: Aesthetics and Pedagogies. Pittsburgh: U of Pittsburgh P, 2012. Print.

Taylor, Mark. Disfiguring: Art, Architecture, Religion. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1992. Print.

Thacker, Eugene. “Dark Media.” Excommunication: Three Inquiries in Media and Mediation. Ed. Alexander R. Galloway, Eugene Thacker, and McKenzie Wark. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2014. 77–149. Print.

Thames, Richard H. “The Meaning of the Motivorum’s Motto: ‘Ad Bellum Purificandum’ to ‘Tendebantque Manus Ripae Ulterioris Amore.’” Kenneth Burke Journal 8.1 (2012): n.pag. Web.

Todorov, Tzvetan. The Fantastic: A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre. Cleveland: P of Case Western Reserve U, 1973. Print.

Ulmer, Gregory. Applied Grammatology: Post(e)-pedagogy from Jacques Derrida to Joseph Beuys. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1984. Print.

Ulmer, Gregory. Electronic Monuments. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 2005. Print.

Ulmer, Gregory. “Grammatology Hypermedia.”Postmodern Culture 1.2 (January 1991): November 15, 2009. Web.

Ulmer, Gregory. Heuretics: The Logic of Invention. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1994. Print.

Ulmer, Gregory. Internet Invention: From Literacy to Electracy. New York: Longman, 2003. Print.

Ulmer, Gregory. “The Object of Post-criticism.” The Anti-aesthetic: Essays on Postmodern Culture. Ed. Hal Foster. Port Townsend, WA: Bay P, 1983. 83–110. Print.

Ulmer, Gregory. Teletheory: Grammatology in the Age of Video. New York: Routledge, 1989. Print.

United States Senate Committee on the Judiciary, Comic Books and Juvenile Delinquency. Interim Report. Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1955. Print.

Verene, Donald Phillip. “Kant, Hegel, and Cassirer: The Origins of the Philosophy of Symbolic Forms.” Journal of the History of Ideas 30.1 (1969): 33–46. Print.

Vitanza, Victor J. Negation, Subjectivity, and the History of Rhetoric. Albany: State U of New York P, 1997. Print.

Vitanza, Victor J. “Threes.” Composition in Context: Essays in Honor of Donald C. Stewart. Ed. W. Ross Winterowd and Vincent Gillespie. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1994. 196–218. Print.

Ware, Chris. Building Stories. New York: Pantheon, 2012. Print.

Weiss, Matthew. “Kenneth Burke on Motion and Action: The Problem of Dualism.” Workshop in Burkean Criticism, Seventh Triennial Conference for the Kenneth Burke Society. June 30, 2008, Villanova U. Web.

Whicker, John H. “Narratives, Metaphors, and Power-Moves: The History, Meanings, and Implications of ‘Post-process.’”JAC 31.3–4 (2011): 497–531. Print.

White, Hayden V. Tropics of Discourse: Essays in Cultural Criticism. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1985. Print.

Wilson, Sarah. “Rembrandt / Genet / Derrida.” Portraiture: Facing the Subject. Ed. Joanna Woodall. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1997. 203–16. Print.

Wilson, Sarah. The Visual World of French Theory: Figurations. New Haven: Yale UP, 2010. Print.

Witte, Stephen P., and Lester Faigley. “Coherence, Cohesion, and Writing Quality.” College Composition and Communication 32.2 (1981): 189–204. Print.

Wysocki, Anne Frances. Writing New Media: Theory and Applications for Expanding the Teaching of Composition. Logan: Utah State UP, 2004. Print.

Yancey, Kathleen Blake. “Looking for Sources of Coherence in a Fragmented World: Notes Toward a New Assessment Design.” Computers and Composition 21.1 (2004): 89–102. Print.

Yancey, Kathleen Blake. “Postmodernism, Palimpsest, and Portfolios: Theoretical Issues in the Representation of Student Work.” College Composition and Communication 55.4 (2004). 738-761. Print.

Yancey, Kathleen Blake, Stephen J. McElroy, and Elizabeth Powers. “Composing, Networks, and Electronic Portfolios: Notes toward a Theory of Assessing ePortfolios.” Digital Writing Assessment & Evaluation. Ed. Heidi McKee and Dànielle Nicole DeVoss. Logan: Computers and Composition Digital P/Utah State UP, 2013. Web.

Žižek, Slavoj. “No Sex, Please, We’re Post-human!” Web.

For Scottish singer of same name, see Sister Vanilla.

Linda Reid is a Canadian politician. She was Minister of Advanced Education and a Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia. She was first elected in 1991 to represent the riding of Richmond East and was re-elected in 1996, 2001, 2005, 2009, 2013. Reid served as Minister of State for Childcare from June 2005 to June 2009 and the Minister of State for Early Childhood Development from June 2001 to June 2005.[1] She also served as the Deputy Speaker from 2009 until 2013.

Early life[edit]

Reid was born in Vancouver, British Columbia in 1959.[2] She attended the University of British Columbia where she earned her education degree. She went on to earn a Master of Arts degree from UBC, specializing in education, exceptional learners, language acquisition, and public administration.[3] Prior to her election to the Legislative Assembly, Reid worked as a language therapist, teacher and school administrator for the Richmond School District.[1]


October 17, 2011, marked the 20th anniversary of Reid’s election to the Legislative Assembly.[4] She was one of the longest serving MLAs in British Columbia and the only one to have served consecutive terms for over 20 years.[5]

Prior to her appointment as Deputy Speaker, Reid served as Minister of State for Early Childhood Development (2001–2005) and Minister of State for Childcare (2005–2009). As Minister for Early Childhood Development, Reid oversaw the creation of 6,000 new childcare spaces in British Columbia.[6] In 2002, Reid created an individualized funding model for children with autism spectrum disorder which takes into account the individual needs of each child and is provided on a monthly basis.[7] Also in 2002, Reid announced the creation of the BC Early Childhood Development Legacy Fund, which supports community initiatives to support children under the age of 6.[8] As Minister for Childcare, Reid oversaw the Boost BC program in 2007, which distributed free booster seats to low-income families to coincide with the passing of new requirements that children between 20-40 lbs use a booster seat in vehicles.[9]

Reid previously served in a variety of critic roles for the Official Opposition, including children and families, health, attorney general, municipal affairs, and science, technology and research. She was also the Opposition Caucus Chair from 1991 to 1992.[1] Reid has served on Treasury Board, and on the Select Standing Committee to Appoint a Child, Youth and Family Advocate, the Select Standing Committee to Appoint a Police Complaints Commissioner, the Select Standing Committee on Transportation, Municipal Affairs and Housing and the Select Standing Committee on Crown Corporations.[1]

Electoral record[edit]

Other significant works[edit]

Reid supports a variety of causes in her riding and around the province. Reid was a supporter of the Nelson Road Interchange project which was completed in 2011. This new interchange reduces truck traffic and improves safety for farmers and their families.[11] Reid advocated for the creation of an endowment fund for the Girl Guides of Canada to protect against changes in the property tax exemption status on their camp - Camp Olave.[12] In 2008, Reid was instrumental in the implementation of the Roots of Empathy program in BC. This program aims to reduce bullying by fostering empathy.[13] Reid was the 2004–2005 chair of the Canada Northwest Fetal Alcohol Partnership,[14] which aims to develop an inter provincial approach to preventing FASD.

In January 2012, Reid traveled to New Mexico for the opening of their 50th legislative session. Reid’s trip to New Mexico stemmed from a friendship agreement between the legislative assemblies of British Columbia and New Mexico. This friendship agreement allows for exchanges of information and traditions between the two.


Reid is an avid supporter of Richmond’s agricultural community. She frequents local farms and markets to purchase vegetables and fruits and encourages her constituents to do the same.[15] Reid has advocated for better drainage in Richmond and for the Nelson Road Interchange project, both of which have had positive effects on the agricultural community.[16]

On March 9, 2012, Reid was announced as the winner of the Ethel Tibbits Award in the category of community, in recognition of her two decades of work as a political and community leader. The awards, known as the Ethels, are run by the Richmond Review newspaper.[17]


Reid continues to serve as an honorary co-chair of the Annual Women’s Campaign School, which aims to get more women involved in the democratic process.[18] Reid was the BC chair for the Canadian Guide Dogs for the Blind and a director of the Garden City Hospice Society. She has been active in the Richmond Chamber of Commerce, the Asia-Pacific Business Association, and the Canadian Council for Exceptional Children and the Family Court Committee of Richmond. She was a founding member of the Richmond Chinatown Lions Club and was chair of the British Columbia Youth Parliament board from 1986 to 1991.[19] In 2012, the British Columbia Youth Parliament honoured Reid with the first ever award for Outstanding Leadership.

Personal life[edit]

Reid lives in Richmond, British Columbia, with her husband and two children.

Cabinet positions[edit]

British Columbia Provincial Government of Christy Clark
Cabinet post (1)
Andrew WilkinsonMinister of Advanced Education
June 12, 2017–July 18, 2017
Melanie Mark
British Columbia Provincial Government of Gordon Campbell
Cabinet post (1)
Ministry EstablishedMinister of State for Childcare[20]
June 5, 2001–June 10, 2009
Mary Polak


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